YouTube: https://youtube.com/watch?v=txv2k7OoY7U
Previous: Busy Bees
Next: Play the Cloud Memory Game! - #sciencegoals

Categories

Statistics

View count:343,594
Likes:265
Dislikes:7
Comments:76
Duration:03:47
Uploaded:2016-07-14
Last sync:2018-04-30 06:50
You might enjoy a delicious peach or slice of watermelon this summer, and it's largely in thanks to our pollinating friends: the BEES!

----------
Like SciShow? Want to help support us, and also get things to put on your walls, cover your torso and hold your liquids? Check out our awesome products over at DFTBA Records: http://dftba.com/SciShow

Or help support us by becoming our patron on Patreon:
https://www.patreon.com/scishow
----------
Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow
Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow
Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com
Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow

SOURCES:
http://www.life.illinois.edu/entomology/pollinators/docs/Pollination%20Activity%20Book.pdf
http://easyscienceforkids.com/all-about-pollination/
http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/national/plantsanimals/pollinate/
http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/pollinators/What_is_Pollination/
http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/pollinators/

IMAGES:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AItalienische_S%C3%BC%C3%9Fkirschen.JPG
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AStrawberries_A.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ALily_Lilium_'Citronella'_Flower.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AAmaryllis_pistils.jpg
(Intro)

It's summer where I live, and that means it's almost time for some of my favorite kinds of fruit to be ready to eat, like strawberries, peaches, and cherries. And if you like fruit as much as I do, then do you know who you should thank for it? Bees!

That's right, bees do more than just make honey. They play an important part in helping is enjoy all kinds of yummy fruit. How? Well, last time we followed a honeybee as she went about her day, and one of the things that we learned was that her most important job was to find and get food. She did this by flying around lots of different flowers and collecting some of their sweet nectar.

Let's take a look at one of those flowers now. If we look really closely at the flower, we can see that it has lots of different parts. You probably already know the name of one of these parts. If you said petals, you're right! The parts on the outside of the flower are called petals, but have a look at this part inside the flower. It's called the stamen, and it makes a yellow dust that we call pollen. If you carefully touch the top of this part of the flower, some of the yellow dust will probably come off on your finger. Pollen can also make some people sneeze, especially if there's a lot of it. But if you want to have fruit, you have to have pollen, because the pollen needs to travel from the stamen of one flower to a different part of another flower. And when it does, a tiny, tiny fruit will start to grow inside the flower.

But, where does the pollen have to go? It goes to this part of the flower, called the pistil. It's kind of long, and looks a little like a vase or a bowling pin. The very top of the pistil is kind of flat, and it's covered with sticky, gooey stuff that's almost like glue. If pollen touches this gooey, sticky stuff, it gets stuck. Then, little bits of the pollen move down into the bottom of the pistil, and when that happens, the bottom starts to grow and swell up. It gets bigger and changes color, and the petals of the flower fall off. What's left is what we call fruit.

So, to get fruit, it's important that pollen gets moved from the stamen of one flower to the pistil of another flower, and that some pollen gets stuck to the top of the flowers pistil. And, this whole process is called pollination, and this is where bees come in.

You might remember that bees get their food by drinking nectar from a flower. While a bee is moving around in a flower looking for that nectar, little bits of pollen from the stamen stick to her legs, to her wings, and to her little fuzzy body. Then, she flies off to another flower to get more food, and, as the bee crawls all over the next flower, she bumps into the flowers pistil. So, some of the pollen from the bees body gets stuck to the top of the pistil. Then if everything goes according to plan, in time we'll get a nice piece of fruit.

All of your favorite fruits start out this way from tiny blueberries to giant watermelons, and bees aren't the only animals that pollinate flowers. Moths, butterflies, even bats and hummingbirds drink nectar from flowers, and when they do they often carry pollen with them. But bees are some of the busiest and most important pollen carriers around. So the next time you enjoy a sweet summer treat like a peach or a cherry, you can thank a bee.

Thanks for joining us on SciShow Kids! Do you have a question about insects or elephants or anything else? Get help from a grownup, and let us know. You can leave a comment below, or send us an email at kids@thescishow.com, and we'll see you next time here at the fort.