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Today we’re going to talk about borders. Borders can bring people together, evoke passion and war, divide, conquer, and solidify power. We’re going to focus on the tyranny of the map which is what happens when those in power draw boundaries in ways that conflict with how people in that place want to be grouped. We’ll look at the repercussions of the Berlin Conference of 1884 on boundaries within Africa, take a closer look at continued political unrest in Mali, and look at how this can even happen at a local level like when gerrymandering occurs within a US state.

[Sources]

In general
CIA Factbook: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/docs/one_page_summaries.html
Getis, Bjelland, and Getis. Introduction to Geography, 15 ed. McGraw-Hill Education. 2017. ISBN: 978-1-259-57000-1
Gregory, Derek, Ron Johnston, Geraldine Pratt, Michael Watts, and Sarah Whatmore, eds. 2009. The Dictionary of Human Geography. 5th ed. Willey-Blackwell. ISBN: 978-1-4051-3288-6
Cracking the AP Human Geography Exam: 2020 edition. The Princeton Review.
For a free and open source option for Intro to Human Geography, see: https://humangeography.pressbooks.com/
For a free and open source option for World Regional Geography, see: https://worldgeography.pressbooks.com/front-matter/introduction/

Mali
https://afropop.org/audio-programs/hip-deep-in-mali-the-tuareg-predicament
https://journals.ohiolink.edu/apexprod/f?p=1507:200::::200:P200_ARTICLEID:374484289
https://www.cfr.org/global-conflict-tracker/conflict/destabilization-mali
https://sgp.fas.org/crs/row/IF10116.pdf
https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/mali/
https://www.aspeniaonline.it/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/keys-ing_080413.pdf
Democracy versus the People by Andy Morgan: https://journals.ohiolink.edu/apexprod/rws_ejcsearch/r/1507/99?p99_entity_id=290802583&p99_entity_type=MAIN_FILE&cs=3vnpEQN7KjqzffLDIWPKj0UtKNSB71ybNuCSObxHOYTju_pm9F9zNmfXxMFAS1Xgnc6AG9dV6UMXLfqZLZuyt-Q
https://afropop.org/articles/andy-morgan-on-tuareg-music-and-history
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-22961519
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/26077
https://afropop.org/audio-programs/hip-deep-in-mali-the-tuareg-predicament

Boundaries
https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/international-organization/article/mapping-the-sovereign-state-technology-authority-and-systemic-change/0C0A5F17B945CFE437DA681D2C5FE025
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11186-016-9264-0#Sec6

South Sudan
https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/south-sudan/

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#CrashCourse #Geography #Borders
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