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Duration:03:39
Uploaded:2019-04-09
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Why is it that every time you see an adorable puppy in the park or outside a cafe your voice suddenly jumps up about two octaves and you’re talking total gooey nonsense? If you watch this episode to find out, you can have a treat and we’ll go for a walk!

Hosted by: Michael Aranda

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Sources:
http://science.sciencemag.org/content/296/5572/1435
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10071-018-1172-4
https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspb.2016.2429
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.2752/175303713X13697429463592
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012407818500005X
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0021676
https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(14)01339-6?_returnURL=https%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS0960982214013396%3Fshowall%3Dtrue
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S001002771400064X?via%3Dihub

Images:
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/blurred-nose-of-a-golden-retriever-walking-in-the-fresh-air-with-a-dog-gm860049914-142209415
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/intrigued-gm94740594-1876328
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/just-look-at-those-eyes-gm889507824-246592570
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/my-dog-wants-to-play-with-my-leg-gm934316346-255828195
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/close-up-of-a-happy-beagle-the-amanda-collection-gm820793234-134117489
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/rock-paintings-of-tassili-najjer-algeria-gm529366687-54009386
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/rock-paintings-of-tassili-najjer-algeria-gm529366687-54009386
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/corgi-dog-soft-focus-classic-tone-gm484297530-71180153
This episode of SciShow is sponsored by Skillshare. [♩INTRO].

It’s hard to resist. You see an adorable puppy in the park or outside a cafe and all of a sudden, your voice jumps up about two octaves and you’re talking total gooey nonsense.

Who’s a good boy? But there’s actually a good reason for this puppy talk and it has a lot to do with the bond between person and pooch. So-called dog-directed speech is actually very similar to the way we talk to babies, which is called infant-directed speech.

It’s higher pitched, slower, and kind of sing-songy compared to our usual conversational tones. Because both dogs and infants are non-verbal, researchers believe we exaggerate the other parts of speech, like melody or pitch, to keep their attention. And it seems to work, at least in younger dogs.

In an experiment published in 2017, a loudspeaker played pre-recorded puppy talk for 10 dogs and 10 puppies. The puppies approached the speaker more quickly and sat by it for longer when the speaker played cutesy puppy talk than they did for regular adult speech. But it may not be just the tone.

Dogs may pay attention to the content of our speech as well. Which, sure, dogs can’t talk, but dog owners know better than to casually use words like “treat” or “walk,” unless you’re ready for the consequences, in the form of puppy excitement. And in a 2018 study, researchers tested dogs’ responses to our content versus our tone, by creating a mishmash of dog-directed and human-directed speech.

When they played typical doggy talk in a dog-directed voice “Come on! Let’s go for a walk!” The dogs preferred it to typical adult-directed speech. Experimenters also read human scripts about boring human stuff like going to the gym, but it was spoken in a cute doggy voice.

They also recorded the opposite: cutesy “Who’s a good boy” phrases in a normal adult voice. When they played the recordings to adult dogs, the dogs had no preference for doggy talk when the cutesy style of speaking was used to talk about boring, non-dog topics. Apparently, the doggy words mattered too when it came to getting their attention.

And dog-directed speech might have another function too: improving the bond between human and animal. Dogs and wolves yowl in a high pitch when greeting each other and when asking for food or care from their mother. And some scientists hypothesize that we humans might have unintentionally hijacked this form of communication.

During our domestication of dogs many thousands of years ago, we might have selected for ones who were more tuned in and reacted positively to this way of talking, by wagging their tail or yapping back for example. Alternatively, we might just train our puppies from birth to respond to our cute puppy talk. Either way, in that 2017 study, the authors suggested that the adult dogs may already be bonded to their owners, and not care what the experimenters were saying, and that’s why they didn’t care about dog-directed speech like puppies did.

And the research overall suggests that we humans don’t just talk to our dogs this way to be all gooshy. The dogs actually respond to it, and it strengthens our bonds. So don’t feel weird about veering into goofy dog-directed speech every time you see a corgi.

You’re just furthering thousands of years of companionship. Communicating with our canine friends is important, but what if you want to learn to be a better communicator on the Web? For that there’s Skillshare, which has tons of web design and development classes that can turn you into a coding whiz.

For example, Kalob Tulien teaches a class called The Ultimate HTML Developer. In just three hours, he lays out everything you need to know about HTML, which is the backbone of every web page, and sets you up to move on to other skills like JavaScript and CSS. If web design isn’t your cup of tea, don’t fret, there are over 25,000 courses to choose from, from baking and drawing to motion graphics and photography.

And right now, Skillshare is offering 500 SciShow viewers two months of unlimited access for free! Check out the link in the description to learn more. [♩OUTRO].