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View count:320,737
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Dislikes:323
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Duration:04:30
Uploaded:2017-09-19
Last sync:2019-06-15 20:40
In the 1960s, the USA almost put a ring around the Earth by launching hundreds of millions of tiny copper needles into space in an attempt to create a reliable boost for their communications systems.

Host: Caitlin Hofmeister

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Sources:
https://www.orbitaldebris.jsc.nasa.gov/quarterly-news/pdfs/odqnv17i4.pdf
https://www.worldcat.org/title/new-york-times-index/oclc/433669505
https://history.nasa.gov/SP-4217/intro.htm
https://link-springer-com.dcu.idm.oclc.org/article/10.1023%2FA%3A1023206426746
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/full/2001ESASP.473..315W
http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/space/terrill.pdf
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/full/1961AJ.....66..114L
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Images:
https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/jpl/pia21345/so-far-from-home
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Submarine_communications_cable#/media/File:1901_Eastern_Telegraph_cables.png
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ionosphere#/media/File:Atmosphere_with_Ionosphere.svg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ionosphere#/media/File:Diurnal_ionospheric_current.jpg
https://history.nasa.gov/SP-4218/ch3.htm
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dipole_receiving_antenna_animation_6_800x394x150ms.gif
https://www.nasa.gov/topics/technology/features/telstar.html
https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/news/orbital_debris.html
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