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How should toilet paper be dispensed? Help! My fingers are glued together! If you hover a helicopter in the same place for 24 hours, why don't you travel around the earth? What food weird combinations do you like? What should I do if a scholarship requires me to read Ayn Rand? AND OTHER QUESTIONS ANSWERED!

 Intro (00:00)


Hank: Hello and welcome to Dear Hank and John.


John: Or as I prefer to think of it, Dear John and Hank.


H: It's a comedy podcast about death where my brother and I answer questions, give you dubious advice, and bring you all the week's news from both Mars and AFC Wimbledon. Hey John, how you doing?


J: Uh, good. Actually not. Not good. Couple things, first off I've had a bad week, just like a difficult personal week health-wise. As you know, Hank, this is personal, but I have a brain illness called Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and I've been in the process of switching medications which has not been fun. Also, in possibly even worse news, the Taylor Swift summer that we were blessed with here in Indianapolis has officially ended. There was 48 straight hours of rain and now it is cold. (Hank laughs) So the darkness has descended, the sky here in Indianapolis is so close to the ground that I feel like I could reach up and touch it, and Taylor Swift is well and truly gone. How are you?


H: I'm so sorry to here that. It is also quite gloomy here. If I looked out the window and didn't know anything about what time it actually was I would guess that it was about seven o'clock at night.


J: Yeah.


H: It is in fact noon. It's just really dark and overcast and, in personal health news, as long as we're going there, I take a medicine that makes my life much, much better but also makes everything taste bad. It's awful.


J: Yeah. I also am feeling very frustrated with medication side effects at the moment.


H: Yeah. It doesn't do it all the time. I'll have, I'll go weeks and I'll be like "Ah, it went away. Yay." And then I'll wake up one morning and I'll be like "Wow, my mouth tastes really bad" and then I'll brush my teeth and I'll be like "Wow, my toothpaste tastes really bad." And then I'll go have breakfast and I'll be like "This is, there's something wrong with this banana" and it turns out that that's just my life for the next few weeks.


J: Hmm. A comedy podcast about two middle-aged men and their chronic health problems.


H: (chuckles) Well, you gotta know that, uh, life isn't always gonna be... milkshakes.


J: Ah, I was just talking to my psychiatrist about this very thing, which was that when I was in college, and I first became aware that I was, uh, mentally ill, I -- I believed somehow that this was something, that this was a problem of one's teens and early twenties. But it turns out that you -- that you are stuck inside of the same brain for your entire life. So, anyway, I am doing OK. I am doing much better today than I was on Monday, when we were first supposed to record this podcast and I just had to cancel. Can I read you a short poem that will hopefully cheer us both up?


H: Let's do it!


J: Alright. It's by E. E. Cummings. It's called "I Thank You God For Most This Amazing".


I thank You God for most this amazing
day: for the leaping greenly spirits of trees
and a blue true dream of sky; and for everything
which is natural, which is infinite, which is yes.


I who have died am alive again today,
and this is the sun’s birthday; this is the birthday


of life, and of love, and wings: and of the gay
great happening illimitably earth.


How should tasting, touching, hearing, seeing,
breathing, any lifted from the no
of all thing human merely being
doubt unimaginable You?


Now the ears of my ears awake and
now the eyes of my eyes are opened.


E. E. Cummings. A poem from, uh, I think the 1940s, but I'm not positive.


H: That was nice. Thanks for that poem, John.


J: Yeah. It's a good one. E. E. Cummings, you know, specializes in the poetry of, uh, surprisingly optimistic. That would be my description of E. E. Cummings' poetry.

 Question 1 (3:41)


H: Well, let's answer a question from, from Del, who is surprisingly optimistic, and says, "Dear Hank and John: When I am seated in any public restroom, or private restroom, or portable restroom, and I see a toilet paper roll that is set to dispense from the under position" -- I assume that the toilet paper is coming from toward the wall, out from under -- "no matter the effort required, I will switch it to the over! It is my obsession with correcting people's obvious oversights and rudeness. Am I a monster?"


J: Well not a monster. Um, possibly a person who's responding to an obsessive interest with a compulsive response, but, no, not a monster. In fact, Hank, as you may know, one of the longest Wikipedia articles is devoted to the question of whether toilet paper, uh, should dispense, uh, over the roll or under the roll, from the front of the roll or from the back of it. My response to this is  -- this question, which is, it's a big question for sure, but my response to it is: did you know that half a million people are going to die from malaria this year?


H: (laughs) John, but did you know, that, um, my dog, if it is set in the over position, my dog will grab onto that, and run out of the bathroom with the toilet paper in her mouth and drag it around the entire house, but if it is in the under position, she isn't able to do that. So.


J: You know what that makes me think? That makes me think that the previously, that the Wikipedia article I previously believed to be exhaustive isn't, and that there is this fascinating new data point that needs to be added to that Wikipedia article. In order for it to be the complete work that it ought to be. So yeah! I mean, I think that, I go in the over position. I am all for the over position, because I don't have Hank's dog, but I also respect people who believe in the under position.


H: Yes. I, well, yes, I also am over in upstairs, where the dog does not go, so I completely understand. And I, I am quite confused by people who are in favor of the under position, without the dog in the equation. It's fine, of course, it's your toilet paper and you can do what you will. If you're in someone else's house, I would ask that you not switch their toilet paper.

J: I agree. I think that we have to respect the sanctity of one another's homes when it comes to toilet-paper-ing decisions.

 Question 2 (6:16)


J: Hank, I'm wondering if we can move on to a time-sensitive question. This one is pressing. Um, unfortunately this question arrived three and a half weeks ago. Twelve-year-old Ginger writes, "Dear John and Hank: have you ever accidentally glued your fingers together, and if so, what advice would you offer to a kid who may or may not currently have fingers glued together?"

Hank! I can't believe that we've waited three weeks and then, like a full ten minutes into the podcast before getting into this vital question! Poor Ginger! At this point, her skin cells have likely merged! Her fingers will be together for the rest of her life!


H: It's exactly what has probably happened, and I apologize deeply. And Ginger is just listening to the podcast, staring at her perpetually bound fingers and thinking, "Hank and John: you've let me down."


J: I'm sorry, Ginger. Uh, the thing to do is put in some rubbing alcohol. But it's too late now. Your skin cells have merged. You've just got the one finger. That's huge.


H: Uh, nail polish remover is also a good one. Uh, different solvents. You know, turpentine, the kind of stuff that takes paint off of walls, that stuff's good for that. Uh, and yes, yes I have. John, have you ever glued your fingers together?


J: I have, yeah. I used to really like the feeling of, of the stickiness when I would glue my thumb to my pointer finger, you know, with Super Glue, for a while there you can still unstick and restick and unstick and restick and I really liked that tactile sensation but then eventually you do it one too many times and suddenly you can't unstick it, and I think that maybe is the situation that Ginger found herself in. You know, fortunately I was able to ask someone what I should do and they gave me nail polish, but that's because I didn't ask my favorite podcasters. Who clearly did not answer in an appropriate time frame.

 Question 3 (8:08)


H: Ah, we have another question from Amy. I am fascinated by this question, who asks, "Dear Hank and John: If I get in a helicopter and hover for 24 hours, would I end up in the same place I started because of the Earth's rotation? Let's assume, for the plausibility of the question, that I have enough fuel to hover that long and that I've pointed the helicopter in the right direction to correspond with the Earth's tilt."

(Hank laughs) Uh, you wanna take this one, John?


J: Yeah, this seems like a question for me, Amy, thanks for, um, thanks for the thoughtful question. So if you get in a helicopter and you hover -- do you know, by the way, that when Hank was a little boy he called helicopters "heliflopters"?


H: This is a true story.


J: So he's gonna act like he knows the answer to this question, but do you trust a man who once called helicopters "heliflopters"? Anyway. If you get in a helicopter and you hover in the exact same spot for 24 hours, um, you will rotate with the Earth so you will still be in the same spot because you will be still in the Earth's atmosphere, and that is the answer to your question.


H: Yeah. So, basically --


J: -- am I right?!


H: Yeah, yeah. Um --


J: Yea-he-he-s!


H: -- you will stay, I mean, it depends, basically, like the winds will blow you around, like if you try and stay at a point in the atmosphere, the atmosphere does move around, but obviously the atmosphere does not stay in the same place while the Earth spins underneath it. The atmosphere moves along with the Earth and spins along with the Earth. Everything on the Earth, you know, when we are on the Earth, we are moving very fast relative to the center of the Earth, but we are not moving very fast relative to the surface of the Earth, we are not moving at all relative to the surface of the Earth, because the surface of the Earth spins with us. And so when that helicopter takes off, it is also, it is staying at the same speed relative to the surface of the Earth which means that the Earth does not spin underneath it.

Uh, and also the atmosphere does not spin, uh, the Earth does not spin underneath the atmosphere. So you end up, you know, being stuck in a point in the atmosphere that might get blown around some as winds happen, but it's certainly not blowing as fast as it would if suddenly the Earth was moving and the atmosphere wasn't, which would be completely catastrophic and would destroy everything on Earth.


J: Yeah, so if we can just back up, I was correct?


H: Yes.


J: Ah, I love that feeling. God that feels good. I'm so good at science!


H: Yeah, yeah, I'm really -- I'm proud of you as well, John.

 Question 4 (10:44)


J: Here is a question from Meghan. She writes, "Dear John and Hank, I am a senior in high school who is currently looking for scholarships. I found a scholarship that offers 10,000 dollars but it would require me to read Ayn Rand's Atlas Shrugged and write an entire essay about how much I love the book and the theories behind it. It's an awful, awful thing to have to do, but ten thousand dollars is a lot of money I could use to pay tuition. What should I do?"


H: Well --


J (darkly): Oh my god.


H: -- I think the, uh, you know, like there's two options here. One is just to, just to consider the world an unfair place and move on. The other is to read Ayn Rand's Atlas Shrugged, uh, write an amazingly, exceptionally good essay about how wonderful it is, get the scholarship, and then as soon as the check clears, write an amazing essay about how destructive the worldview put forth in Atlas Shrugged is. And how you got a scholarship that required you to write that, to write the opposite of that, and then post that on Medium, where it will get a billion views and you will become semi-famous.


J: Yes. Yes. Right. Yes. Your Medium story will be entitled, uh, "How I Scammed a Bunch of Ayn Rand Fans Out of Ten Thousand Bucks," um, which is the ultimate, I would argue, like the ultimate use of the Ayn Rand worldview.


H: Yes! Absolutely!


J: Is to scam Ayn Rand fans out of ten thousand bucks who are forcing you to read Atlas Shrugged in exchange for a scholarship, which by the way, like in a larger sense, like points to one of the big problems of objectivism, the fact that we even need ten thousand dollar scholarships. Um, because, obviously some people have access, uh, some people are able to pay for college, and others aren't. Uh, it, I would argue that in the existence of the scholarship and the fact of the necessity of the scholarship lies much of the problem of the ideas, of some of the ideas of objectivism. So I wouldn't point that out in the essay, I would wait, and then point it out in your essay about the essay. I'm very excited for this, Meghan. Congratulations in advance.


H: C-Can -- Let's have a, can we have a serious talk for a moment? Now that we've, I feel like we've done a good job for Meghan. My, I would be very careful about doing this, because there's a large chance that you won't get the scholarship, and that's too bad. But, uh, so maybe don't waste too much time on it, but it would be amazing.

Uh, however, I will say that I did get a, I did get an ask on my Tumblr that said something to the effect of, "You know, you guys pride yourself on being objective, on being open and, like, imagining others complexly, and yet the way that you treat Randian philosophy and those who adhere to it, uh, makes me feel very much like you, uh, don't imagine those people complexly and that you are just being mean and closed off from them."


J: Yup! We have another question, Hank, it's from Katrina --


H: (laughs)


J: Yeah, I guess I hear what they're saying, and I'm probably not fair to every strand of Randian philosophy, but I -- I do find the idea that I should be tolerant of intolerance problematic. I just deeply disagree with, um, with that worldview. Now, I might be wrong, and I might even be wrong to characterize it as intolerance, and I'm happy to acknowledge that I might be wrong and that I often am wrong, but I'm still going to, like, uh, you know, vociferously stand for what I believe in, you know?


H: Yeah! Alright. I think that is -- I can handle that, and probably that person stopped listening to our podcast anyway. Sorry to lose you, person.

 Question 5 (14:20)


J: Well, it's in the past now, Hank. Let's move on to Katrina's question, who writes, "Dear John and Hank: knowing that Hank has a love of corn-dogs, I thought of him the other day when I came across a corn dog doughnut. It was a doughnut with a Dijon glaze, tomato jam, and crushed pretzels, topped with a mini-corn-dog." That sounds disgusting. "This got me thinking about weird food combinations that seem off-putting at first but then surprise you with how delicious they are. What weird food combinations do you enjoy? DFTBA, Katrina."

Well, just to answer this first, the weirdest food combination that I enjoy is herring with literally anything. Herring with peanut butter. Herring with mustard. (Hank groans) Herring with mayonnaise. Herring with other herrings, like herrings stuffed inside of herring stuffed inside of herring -- there is no variety of herring that I do not enjoy. (Hank makes disgusted sound).


H: What about a herring ducken? A herring stuffed with a duck stuffed with a chicken?


J: A herring ducken?


H: A herr -- A herrducken.


J: So like, a bunch of herring stuffed inside of a duck, and then the duck is stuffed inside of a chicken?


H: No, no, no, it's a --


J: That sounds delicious. Is there any way I can start -- is there any way I can start with the herring and just eat all of them? Herring cooked in duck fat? Are you kidding? That sounds amazing.


H: I don't feel like I've ever had herring.


J: Oh my god! How do you call yourself a person?


H: What is herring? Does it come in, like, a can?


J: It does sometimes come in a can. It comes in all kinds of ways. It's a kind of fish.


H: A fish. Is it a small fish?


J: Small fish. You just eat it: eyes, bones, mmm.


H: Yeah. Yeah, that's --


J: It's often pickled...


H: -- I agree that's, well that's just a weird food.


J: I love peanut butter.


H: And I guess anything you combine it with is gonna be a weird food combination. I want to say to Katrina --


J: I love peanut butter jelly and herring.


H: (disgusted sound).


J: I like a peanut butter and jelly sandwich with the bread made out of herring.


H: Man. That sounds really awful. You should make a video about this! I want to see you just eat a bunch of herring combinations. If that's something you enjoy, you should just do that on video and get views!


J: Mmm. Sounds delicious.


H: The herring challenge!


J: Oh god.


H: John Green's Herring Challenge. I wanna like do the music for it! (singing) ~ba-dum ba ba ba-dm baaa! John Green, the Herring Challenge! He eats herrings with everythiiing... Hey!~


J: Uhh. Do you like eating any weird foods, Hank?


H: Well first I wanna say that I love the idea of this corn dog donut, the only problem with it being that the corn dog is on top, when clearly, the dog should be in the middle. That's how it's a corn dog - it's a dog surrounded by carbs.


J: Right.


H: And to have put it on top, when you could have inserted the dog into the belly of the beast... I'm very upset at that donut shop's lack of ingenuity. But maybe they want to have it right on top there, so people don't accidentally eat it thinking it's just going to be a regular donut, and then encounter meat in the middle and they say "Is there meat in this?" with the meat in their mouth. Which happened to me the first time- I gave a friend of mine a corn dog once. She was like "I've never had a corn dog!" and I was like "Oh, you can have a bite of mine! You can have the first bite." And then she took a bite and said "Is there meat in this?" and I was like "Yeah, I mean, I guess I could have explained the idea to you, but yes! Yes there is." It is basically just meat, with a little bit of not meat. But you can't see any of the meat, and I understand how that could be confusing.

Weird food combinations that I greatly enjoy... I like to put anything inside of a tortilla, like pasta, like spaghetti with meatballs inside of a tortilla. Or mac & cheese inside of a tortilla. Basically, I don't know if that's a weird food combination, but that is something I did a lot as a child, and I used to put baked beans in my macaroni & cheese, which is very good. 


J: I really like the idea, Hank, of you opening up an unusual burrito restaurant that sells spaghetti and meatballs burritos, or peanut butter and jelly burritos.


H: You can't say that I have any shortage of ideas. I'm just full of them, full of amazing ideas. Everybody's going to go for that grilled mac & cheese burrito.


J: No, but that might be your first truly billion dollar idea, you know? Like I mean that, I could see that rivaling Chipotle, the first unusual burrito shop. No, I'm just kidding, our first billion dollar idea was Jurassic Mars.


H: That's definitely it, I don't know why we haven't been developing this idea more.


J: Someone explain to me how 8 weeks after we invented Jurassic Mars, there still isn't a Jurassic Mars movie.


H: I don't know. I'm very frustrated. 


J: Oh man.


 Question 6 (18:52)


J: Well, should we answer another question, Hank?


H: Yeah, let's answer Bridget's question.


J: Okay!


H: Who asks "Dear Hank and John, We were talking about family the other day and I said 'relatives' to refer to my grandparents, as well as my husband. My husband was thrown off, because using the term 'related' to refer to him sounded like he was my cousin or something. He is not my cousin. So my question is this: should I use the term 'related' when talking about a married couple? And if not, what word would I use? Is there a word for that?"


J: Well I would argue that family is not just blood. I don't agree with the notion that family is merely blood. I kinda think that you decide your family and that's  one of the things that you commit to when you commit to marriage and one of the things to me that's cool about marriage. So I think that you are related to your husband. Although it does sound weird when I say it that way.


H: Yes! 'Cause the word "related" sounds as if you are- the meaning of the word, it seems to mean that you are connected to them by blood. But if you look at what the word actually means, as in, you have a relationship with them, and thus are related to them by law, then yes, you are related to your husband.


J: Now Hank, can we get to what I think is at the core of this question? Which is, are there any famous people who were married to their first cousins?


H: Oh yeah, lots.


J: Oh yeah, lots.


H: Charles Darwin was married to his first cousin.


J: Charles Darwin? Sure. She was great. They had a great marriage.


H: They did! They had a great marriage.


J: You know who else was married to his first cousin? Albert Einstein.


H: Oh, look at that!


J: Also Saddam Hussein.


H: Oh, well, maybe a little less exciting.


J: Also, the son of A. A. Milne, Christopher Robin Milne, who the original Christopher Robin was based on (A. A. Milne of course wrote Winnie the Pooh). And it was one of the reasons there was a lot of tension between the author of Winnie the Pooh and the person it was ostensibly written about, was because A. A. Milne did not approve of Christopher Robin Milne's marriage to his first cousin.

Also Edgar Allen Poe was married to his first cousin, who died. He got married to her when he was 26 and she was 13. That's, uh, that's a decision. And then she died at 24 and inspired many of his most famous poems. So it's, uh, you know. You know. I'm not here to judge you, that's all I'm saying. Actually I am going to go ahead and judge Edgar Allen Poe. It's not okay when you're 26 to marry your 13 year old cousin. It's just not.


H: We actually, uh, I'm going to strip all connection from this story so that people can't track it down, but there is a person that we know who fell in love with their first cousin when they were very young. They never made anything of it, they got married to different people, and then were both widowed, or widowered, or whatever. And then when they were both in their 80's got married! That is a thing that happened to a person I know.


J: And fascinatingly, in the place where they live, that is not illegal, because the law specifically states that you can't marry your first cousin unless there's no chance of childbearing. And since they were in their 80's, there wasn't.


H: Indeed. Indeed.


J: Alright. Well, I'm glad that this podcast has so far, uh...


H: What did you say?

 Commercial Break (22:20)


J: Today's podcast is brought to you by post-menopausal cousin marriage. Post-menopausal cousin marriage: legal! In some places.


H: Today's podcast is brought to you by the sensation of having your fingers sticking together, but not quite being stuck together. What a pleasant sensation! And yet so dangerous.


J: Today's podcast is also brought to you by side effects of medication. Side effects of medication: that unfortunate necessity.


H: Today's podcast is brought to you by the Ayn Rand Atlas Shrugged Scholarship Foundation: doing our best to weed out the people who are trying to troll us.


J: (laughs extensively) I can't even believe that that's a real scholarship. I can't believe that that's really a thing.


H: I totally believe it. I believe it 100%. That totally sounds like something a Randian would do.


J: Oh boy.


 Question 7 (23:19)


J: Hank, let's answer a couple more questions before we get to the all-important, stunning news from AFC Wimbledon, and then the whatever news from Mars.


H: Alright, we have a question. This one's from Orlando, who asks "Dear Hank and John, I'm soon going to be moving into a new place with my partner and I wanted to know if you guys had any suggestions for cool pets that would be suitable for a small apartment, assuming the apartment allows pets. We like the idea of having tardigrades, although we don't know how well that would work. I like the idea of having a spider, but my partner is against that. Yes. Any suggestions are welcome."

Tardigrades are a fantastic idea, and you really can't go wrong. The things can live in the vacuum of space, so I don't think you're going to kill them.


J: Yeah, I mean tardigrades are one of the very few pets that you're unlikely to kill. My main recommendation would be, if you want a step up from tardigrade in terms of responsibility, I would recommend a fish. I'm a big fan of just the single, or maybe even like three or four fish in a tank.


H: Mmm hmm! Yeah! It's good to have more than one, so they're not lonely. We have a fish tank at the office, and they were all Patreon perks. So people gave us money on Patreon and we would name a fish after them or name it whatever they wanted us to name it. And there's a fish in the tank named Callie Awesomesauce, and Callie Awesomesauce started to eat all the other fish. Not like whole whole, just, you know, pecking at the tail until the fish couldn't swim anymore and died, and then it would eat the fish after it fell to the bottom or rose to the top. So Callie Awesomesauce now has her own tank, and is all alone in Caitlin Hofmeister's office. Sorry about that, Callie Awesomesauce! Though, that fish is very healthy and doing very well. I mean it might be because it has eaten the flesh of younger fish.


J: Yes.


H: But, uh, it is one of the only original fish that is still around from our first round of Patreon fundraising three years ago. No, a year ago.


J: I am reminded, as I so often am during this podcast, of The Melian Dialogue between the Athenians and the Melians, in which the Athenians said "The strong do what they will, and the weak suffer what they must." Callie Awesomesauce, clearly the strong.


H: Yes, doing what she will. When Katherine and I first moved in together we got gerbils. And the only problem we had with the gerbils was at first we accidentally got a male and a female, and that turned out, whether or not they were first cousins, to end in babies. They were not post-menopausal. And we thought that we had two girls, and we did not. So we had to take them back and have the pet store, uh, you know, they got free gerbils out of the deal. And we got another pair of gerbils that were indeed different genders.


J: I mean, you don't want them to be different, you want them to be the same.


H: That is what I meant. Yes, correct.


J: Okay. Good, I just wanted to confirm. We had a pet hamster growing up, who our terrible dog Red Green eventually ate. But if I was going to rank my pets according to how much I love them and how effective they would be as pets living in a very small apartment, I think the top five would all be fish, and then the sixth would be the hamster that Red Green ate, and then the seventh would be a tiny turtle, and then the eighth would be a dog.


H: Yeah. Yeah, I think that the main things that I would try to avoid would be anything that lives longer than 10 years. So birds are just a tremendous amount of responsibility, especially smart birds like parrots, or conures, because they require a lot of stimulation or they go nuts and you don't necessarily want to sign up for that. You know, gerbils and hamsters live like 3 years, so they're not too much of a... it's sad, you know, when they go, but you don't want to go in for too much. And fish are the same way where they can live very long but don't tend to. And reptiles live for a long time, and insects are just... no. They're not a pet. That's just weird.


J: No, they're enemies. They are not our friends.


H: I love bugs! Don't get me wrong, I do think they are our friends. I love hanging out with and seeing cool bugs. But I think that unless you are like really sort of into the idea of being an insect breeder, and like doing that, it's a complicated thing to do. But having sort of a menagerie of insects, if you're that kind of dork, go for it nerd, I love you, but I don't know, man. Especially carnivorous bugs, cause then you have to be having other bugs to feed to the bug, and it smells bad...


J: Yeah, so in summary, we've decided that you should get a fish, Orlando.


H: You should probably get a fish.


J: Congratulations in advance on your new fish.


H: Or, multiple fish.


J: Well Hank, you know what the plural of fish is.


H: That's true. That's true! Goddang it!


 News from Mars (28:35)


J: It's time for the news from Mars and AFC Wimbledoooooooon!!! Hank!


H: Yes.


J: What. Is. The news. From. Mars?


H: The news from Mars comes to us from just outside of Mars. The orbit of Mars, in fact, where Phobos, Mars's moon, one of Mars's two moons, is being ripped apart by Mars's gravity. 


J: Uh-oh.


H: Phobos is too close to Mars. It is not in a stable orbit. It will eventually crash into the surface of Mars in tens of millions of years. Before that happens, we have now determined, Phobos will be ripped to shreds and will fall as a bunch of small rocks. Phobos, it turns out, is basically a bunch of rubble that has stuck together and has been covered in a layer of like dust and stuff. Just a layer of like... yeah. Basically just dust. Small or very small rocks. And so it looks solid, because it has this 10 to 100 meter thick layer of dust on top of it, which is quite a lot of dust, but it is not as solid as it looks. And it has these weird stripes on it, that we initially assumed were because of some very large impact that created a rippling destruction throughout the entire moon, because these stripes go from the top to the bottom of the moon, but it turns out that those stripes are in fact the weak points in the moon as it is getting stretched out by Mars's gravity as it approaches the planet. And that is the beginning of Phobos being torn to pieces by Mars's gravity, which is kind of terrifying. 


J: Yeah. That's horrifying. I'm, uh, once again, as I so often find myself feeling, glad that I don't live on Mars.


H: Yeah, wouldn't it be kind of interesting to look at the moon and be like "in ten million years, that thing's going to kill us."


J: Well, I mean, is it definitely going to kill everyone on Mars?


H: Well, no, I mean well you have 10 million years to deal with it.


J: Yeah, it's just going to inconvenience them.


H: Yeah, so probably, if this were happening to our moon... But if it were happening to our moon, I mean we've talked about this before, that if our moon, oddly enough, that if our moon broke up, it would destroy all life on Earth. If our moon hit the Earth, it would destroy everything.


J: Yay...


H: Phobos is not as big, but neither is Mars, so I don't actually know what would happen, but I imagine that it would be a very significant catastrophe on the surface of Mars for anyone or anything that was living there. However, with 10 million years to spare, chances are you could throw something up there, just a few million ion thrusters, or maybe some nuclear warheads, and blast it into a stable orbit. I think we could do that. 


 News from AFC Wimbledon (31:16)


J: I think that that's all terrifying and we should talk about League 2 football. The real stuff.


H: Alright.


J: Oh, Hank, it's been a wonderful week for AFC Wimbledon. They won their second consecutive game-


H: Woohoo!


J: -again scoring more than two goals! They beat York City 3-1. You'll remember from our last podcast, Hank, our new striker, Lyle Taylor, the Montserrati international from the nation of Montserrat?


H: Mhm, mhm.


J: Yes, well he, as you know, every nation has its own team, and then all the players play for different clubs. Like Lionel Messi, he's Argentinian, but he plays for Barcelona. Well Lyle Taylor is Montserratian, but he plays for AFC Wimbledon. He scored in his only goal, in his first game for the Montserrat national team, he scored against Curaçao, very exciting. And he scored in the game against York City, as did Tom Elliot and Ade Azeez. So Tom Elliot's a very interesting kid. He's 24 now, and he's looking very promising, I think. He had a long spell at Cambridge United, he spent about 3 years there and he's just come over to AFC Wimbledon, and he's lookin' right likeable. And Ade Azeez is looking really good too, so we're looking like we're gonna have a good, strong attacking game, like we can finally score some goals, and our back four played much better than at any point of the season. So suddenly we are at the top half of the table, which is definitely where we want to be. We're 12th right now, we're 12th on 22 points, and we're only, amazingly, we're only 3 points, we're only 1 victory away, Hank, from being right there in the playoff picture. Right there in that top 7, where we want to be at the end of the season.


H: Alright!


J: So it's definitely good to put together two wins in a row for the first time this season. Definitely exciting stuff. 


H: Alright, let's keep this string going, get a turkey! Is that what it's called?


J: Yes, we're going to try for the turkey this weekend! Or last weekend as you're listening to this.


H: Oh, man, it's hard to keep on top of the podcast game.


J: It does rather take the heat out of the- it takes a little bit of the excitement out knowing that it happened in the past. But, happening in my future, Saturday morning at 10 am Eastern Time, AFC Wimbledon vs. Hartlepool. Hartlepool, Hank, being one of the very few English football league teams I have seen play in real life, I saw them play Swindon a few years ago.


H: Why don't you just move to the UK? You could watch all the games!


J: Yeah, I mean that's true, and I've certainly asked my wife on many occasions if it would be alright for me to just buy a League 2 football team and live out my dream of owning a minor league professional soccer team in England, and she feels that there are things that we can do that could have a greater impact on our community and that would be better for our family. I think that she's full of it, but she makes a compelling argument.


H: Alright. Well John, thank you for your news from AFC Wimbledon. I'm proud of your boys. They are right likeable, which is a thing that you said, that I assume you have got from the men in blazers.


J: I don't think so, I think that's just from me. I think I invented that myself.


 Conclusion (34:58)


J: What did we learn today, Hank?


H: We learned that corn dog donuts are not corn dog donuts unless the dog is buried inside, not on top.


J: We learned that your spouse is always your relative, but sometimes is really your relative.


H: The people in the audience learned that Red Green, the dog that once pooped in my Nintendo, also ate my hamster. Which is not a thing I think we've told the audience before.


J: And of course we learned that there's no wrong way for someone else to install their toilet paper.


H: (laughs) Absolutely accurate. DO NOT mess with other people's toilet paper.


J: Thanks so much for listening to Dear Hank and John. You can email us your questions at hankandjohn@gmail.com, or you can use the hashtag #dearhankandjohn on the Twitters. I'm @johngreen on Twitter, Hank is @hankgreen and if you want to follow Hank Green on his social media of choice, that's Snapchat. He's hankgre.


H: That's correct! This podcast is edited by Nicholas Jenkins, the music is from Gunnarolla at youtube.com/gunnarolla. 2 N's, 2 L's. And as they say in our hometown...


Both: Don't forget to be awesome.