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Jimmy tries to guess whether Charlie's astronomy facts are true or false. Or as we prefer to say (due to problems finding props) Duck of Truth or Gnome of Lies.

We also go through the news that "rocked our world" exactly 1 year ago.

Also, thanks to Isaac King for making our lovely live-action titles.

Watch Cereal Time every weekday morning from 7am UK time.

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See you tomorrow!

Charlie & Jimmy

  Intro (0:00

Jimmy: Good morning everybody! I thought I'd slide in today. I'm Jimmy.

Charlie: I'm Charlie.

J: Today on the show, did the Earth give birth to the Moon?

C: And why is the Moon running away? It's Cereal Time.


C: Guten Morgen and welcome. That's all the German I know. I took German GCSE, got an A, that's all I can remember. Good morning and welcome to Cereal Time. We're a week daily show here for you every single morning to get you out of bed.

J: You may have noticed it wasn't our usual titles on the show today, oh no. It was some live action titles that were created for us by Isaac King. Thank you Isaac.

C: Yeah, they were really cool.

J: Love that. We didn't ask anyone to make titles for us. But if you want to send us anything, it can be a video, it can be just a regular email, our address is

 Duck of Truth or Gnome of Lies (0:48

C: This week on Cereal Time, it's Science Week so today I thought I'd throw some sciencey facts at you, Jimmy.

J: OK.

C: Some of these are true, some of these are not and you're gonna have to have a guess at what you think is true and false, and they're all astronomy based as well.

J: OK, I'm rubbish at astronomy, I don't know anything about it.

C: So this should be fun.

J: But I'm quite excited 'cause I've got the Duck of Truth.

C: Yep, this is new. Duck of Truth.

J: If I think that Charlie's given me a fact, and I've also got the Gnome of Lies.

C: Obviously.

J: If I think you're telling me a little fib.

C: Ducks are real and gnomes are fictional, so that's...

J: Oh, is that why that's like that?

C: Yeah. Or gnomes are lies. Gnomes tell lies? I don't...

J: Definitely nothing to do with the props that Josh could get at short notice. But there they are.

C: (Laughs) Nothing to do with that at all.

J: So I'm excited for this. You're a bit of a science buff, aren't you Charlie?

C: Yeah.

J: You know your stuff.

C: Yeah. I consider myself a science aficionado. Would you like your first fact?

J: Yes please. I'd love it.

C: Let's do it. The hottest planet in the Solar System is Mercury as it's the closest to the Sun.

J: Is it closest to the Sun? Is this part of what I need to work out?

C: I didn't think that that was what would trump you to be honest.

J: I'm gonna say no. That is Gnome of Lies and Mercury is the coldest planet.

C: Oh? Well I can reveal that Mercury is not the coldest planet.

J: Oh.

C: I don't think that that's true. I can't, I'm not sure to be honest, but, yeah, Mercury is closest planet to the Sun.

J: OK.

C: But it's not the hottest. The hottest is actually Venus, which is the second closest, 'cause there are so many clouds on Venus that they have this sort of intense greenhouse effect.

J: Wow.

C: Makes the planet really hot, it's like a living hell.

J: OK.

C: In fact it's so hot you could melt lead just by visiting Venus. So you got it right, it is a...

J: Woah. Woah, that's pretty hot.

C: It is a Gnome of Lies, that one.

J: So we're not gonna be able to inhabit Venus any time soon.

C: Ooh, no.

J: You'd need a pretty thick spacesuit for that.

C: You would die.

(Gnome of Lies)

C: Next fact: the coldest temperatures ever recorded in the Universe were found in the Boomerang Nebula where the temperatures are so low they go just half a degree above absolute zero which is cold enough to freeze helium, the gas helium.

J: There's not a Boomerang Nebula, that's made up.

C: (Laughs) They come up with some pretty odd names.

J: Gnome. Gnome.

C: You don't believe?

J: No. OK, so the Boomerang Nebula, what, remind me what a nebula is.

C: So it's like...

J: A load of stars.

C: It's like gases that then go to create a star usually. Or create many stars in a nebula. Don't quote me on that one.

J: I've got no, no idea on this one so I'm gonna say...

C: Ooh, what you gonna go for?

J: Hello.

C: Are you going for the Duck?

J: Duck of Truth.

C: It's not the Duck of Truth this one.

J: Oh.

C: No, it's science fiction. In fact the coldest temperatures ever recorded in the entire Universe were recorded here on Earth.

J: What?

C: It was done in a lab, in Wolfgang Ketterle's lab in Massachusetts, and the temperature was... I'll put in on screen, it's a lot of zeros.

J: That is a lot. Woah.

C: That's the coldest temperature that we know of in the Universe was that.

J: So is that just a really cold freezer? Where they turn the freezer right down.

C: I think so, I can't remember the logistics behind this one, but yeah.

J: Wow. And they just did that for a laugh, I guess.

C: Yeah.

J: Let's see how cold we can make a thing. (Both laugh) That would be a good show feature. How cold is the thing?

(Gnome of Lies)

C: Next fact: every year the Moon is moving further away from Earth by 3.8 centimeters.

J: OK. So that's about that probably, isn't it.

C: Something like that.

J: So it's not a lot.

C: No.

J: How are they measuring that?

C: With a ruler, I'm sure.

J: (Both laugh) Massive ruler.

C: Yeah, a really big ruler.

J: "Oh yeah, it's gone further away again, guys. We're gonna have to put a bit of string on that."

C: Yep.

J: "Keep it here."

C: What do you think? Is that true or...

J: I... I mean, it sounds like it could be true. It's not a huge amount of distance. I would maybe say it's moving further away than that.

C: Oh yeah?

J: Just 'cause of the old expanding thing again. So I'm gonna say that's Gnome of Lies, that the Moon is getting further away, but it's more than 3.8 centimeters.

C: Oh. Well, you were so close, Jimmy. It is actually a Duck of Truth that one. Yeah, every single year the Earth, the Moon, sorry, is moving further and further away from Earth so eventually in, like, billions of years the Moon will just be off on its own.

J: Oh, that would be really sad wouldn't it, no Moon?

C: Ruin the spin of Earth. Yeah. But...

J: Probably there'd be, like, scientific consequences as well that would be quite dire but it'd just be sad to not to see the Moon at night.

C: Yeah. Probably won't be people around then, just to be honest.

J: Yeah, we'll all be...

C: But, yeah.

J: We'll all be on Mars at that point having a great time.

(Duck of Truth)

J: Next fact please.

C: The Moon was once part of the Earth and separated from the Earth early in the history of the Solar System, in fact it most likely came from the Pacific Ocean basin, that's where the rocks came from to make the Moon.

J: Hang on a minute. So the Earth is attached to the birth... To the birth? To the Earth, like a spot on a face or something, and then it just sort of drifted off?

C: No. It was more like in the commotion of the beginning of the Universe, like a big, like... Some of that rock, like, came off of Earth and that is what went to make up the Moon.

J: OK. I've not heard that before. I've not come across that before, but it sounds like it could be Duck of Truth.

C: Mhmm.

J: 'Cause the Moon's, you know, pretty close to us, relatively speaking, it's not that big. It feels like that could just be a chunk of Earth when Earth was being smoothed out.

C: It is in fact Gnome of Lies.

J: Oh what!?

C: I should say science fiction. That sounds way better than Gnome of Lies.

J: It's Gnome of Lies!?

C: Although that was a prevailing theory as to how the Moon was created, the current theory, the current leading theory is that there was a planet around the size of Mars early in the history of the Solar System that crashed into Earth and that giant collision ultimately resulted in the Earth that we have today and a bit of the debris was the Moon.

(Gnome of Lies)

C: Next fact: the oldest planet in our Solar System is Neptune which is also the furthest planet from the Sun. It's 4.544 billion years old.

J: Wow, that's pretty old.

C: That's pretty, pretty old.

J: So this is oldest in age, not oldest when it was discovered?

C: Yeah, oldest in age.

J: I'm gonna say Duck of Truth for that because my understanding of the Universe is that it's going outwards.

C: Right.

J: From a bang in the middle so I'm guessing the one furthest away from the Sun, that's gonna be the oldest 'cause it's, like, on the edge, innit?

C: (Laughs) Sorry. I'm just, I am literally just laughing at your lack of scientific knowledge here.

J: Well I'm, you know...

C: The Solar System is the center of the universe? That's, like, pretty old school science knowledge. This is a lie, I will admit. So all of the planets are the same age, the Solar System was all created at the same time so they're...

J: Oh, of course it was.

C: All of the planets in the Solar System are 4.544 billion years old.

J: If I'd thought of that for maybe 30 seconds more, that would have become obvious to me.

(Gnome of Lies)

C: Next fact: Earth is the only planet in our Solar System that is a perfect sphere.

Both: Gnome of Lies.

C: Straight off with the Gnome of Lies.

J: Gnome of Lies.

C: Why are you go... Why are you so confident with this one?

J: 'Cause I don't think that Earth is a perfect sphere.

C: No?

J: I think it's a bit of an egg shape. It's an ovoid.

C: Little bit egg-shaped?

J: Yeah.

C: Yeah, it is, that is a Gnome of Lies, that one, science fiction.

J: I think this might be the first one I've got right. (Both laugh)

C: Earth is not a sphere, it's actually an oblate spheroid. So it's slightly squished at the poles because of the rotation.

J: That's what I was gonna say, it's an oblate spheroid.

C: Yeah, you had it, it was on the tip of your tongue.

J: It's an oblate spheroid.

C: But yeah, the rotation of the Earth is what makes it squish ever so slightly which is weird, isn't it?

J: Oh, 'cause it's going round?

C: Yeah, 'cause it's going round.

J: Right, I see.

C: Just like (squelch noise).

J: (Squelch noise).

(Gnome of Lies)

C: Next fact: On the Equator you're about 3% lighter than you are at either of the poles.

J: Oh, OK. So the Equator, that's the middle.

C: That's the middle, around the middle.

J: This is me symbolizing the Equator.

C: The poles are the top and the bottom.

J: You're how much lighter?

C: 3% lighter.

J: That's quite a lot, isn't it, 3%.

C: It does seem like a lot, yeah, definitely. What do you think? So if you want to lose weight, the Equator is where to go.

J: I mean, I'm guessing this is something to do with gravity or summit. (Both laugh)

C: Gravity or summit.

J: I don't know. Are people just slimmer in the center of the Equator?

C: No. If you just got on a plane and went there you would be lighter. Are you going Duck of Truth? It is true.

J: Yeah.

C: Yeah.

J: I don't know why but it felt right.

C: Again rotation of the Earth.

J: Oh really?

C: Yeah. Rotation of the Earth is what makes you feel a little bit lighter. Or actually not just feel, but actually be 3% lighter.

J: Why is that? Just 'cause you're spinning?

C: Yeah. Just 'cause of the centrifugal force. I might have made that up. (Jimmy laughs) I can't remember. Don't quote me on any of this. I'm not a science expert.

J: Go and Google that yourself if you want more info.

C: Yeah.

 Old News Tuesday (9:20

J: It's time for Old News Tuesday, news stories from exactly one year ago today. What's up first, Charlie?

C: "Prisoner makes fake gun from soap as part of jail escape plan". I'm really going with the newsreader voice today.

J: You've got a good newsreader voice. 

C: I thought I'd take it, take it a bit more seriously.

J: You could have a job doing news.

C: Got a shirt on, you know.

J: I look like a right scruff. So this is the story that a guy in jail tried to make a gun out of soap so that he could use it as a decoy to try and hatch an escape plan.

C: Which was... I don't know if that would work these days. So he was copying a guy called John Dillinger who did this thing in the 1930s, he made a gun out of soap. This is his gun, and he tried to bluff his way out of jail, and I think he escaped.

J: Yeah, it worked. It actually worked.

C: I don't think this fellow did who tried to copy him.

J: No.

C: I don't think it actually worked.

J: I think they were probably just like "Why are you waving that bit of soap around? What are you trying to do?"

C: I did...

J: "You let me out otherwise I'll wash you".

C: I was confused by this story when I first saw it, I thought he had actually somehow managed to make a real gun out of soap. (Both laugh). Just didn't seem like...

J: It shot soap bullets. I don't know if that would work.

C: Yeah, maybe not.

J: OK, next up: "My model boyfriend: Woman carries cardboard..."

C: Keep going.

J: I'm not as good at it, am I, as you. "My model boyfriend: Woman carries cardboard cutout of Bradley Cooper everywhere".

C: So in this story there is a woman who decided that she wanted to just be mates with Bradley Cooper but she couldn't so she thought...

J: 'Cause he's all famous.

C: Yeah, so she thought "I'll just pretend".

J: Get a cardboard cutout. Got some lovely photos of her taking him shopping, trying ties on him, on an escalator.

C: Yeah.

J: Getting coffee.

C: So I don't know about you but this does just seem like they were just having a slow news day on the Metro and they kind of maybe just made something up. Does kind of look like that, doesn't it.

J: You think it's (holds up Gnome of Lies).

C: I think its a Gnome of Lies this one.

J: Gnome of Lies!

C: It's a web of Gnomes of Lies which is a terrifying image.

J: I'd quite like to think that it is real.

C: Yeah.

J: Would you be freaked out if you found out that somebody had decided to carry round with them a cardboard cutout of you?

C: Yes. Next story: "Woman". Got to do the newsreader...

J: (Laughs) Woman! Woman.

C: (Laughs) Woman! "Woman who set house on fire was trying to kill a spider". So this is, basically it's a woman living in Kansas, saw a spider, and decided to take a cigarette lighter, light some towels on fire, and use that to kill the spider because apparently she didn't have any glasses and pieces of paper to dispose of it.

J: It seems quite extreme doesn't it. We're giggling at this, though. Maybe, maybe it was a giant spider that could only be killed with fire.

C: Maybe. That sounds like another Gnome of Lies to me.

J: Boof, boof, boof.

C: But I feel like that's the only reasonable explanation for getting the fire out to kill a spider, unless you're just really scared of spiders in which case, sorry.

J: I like to think that after all of that the spider still survived. That'd be great, wouldn't it. The house has burnt down but then the little spider just scuttles out. That'd be fantastic.

C: Well it's a year later. If you are that spider please do get in touch. And that's Old News Tuesday.

 Outro (12:29

C: Thank you very much for watching everyone. I hope you have a lovely Tuesday. If you did like today's episode please do give us a like, and subscribe to us if you'd like to see us in your box, in your little box every single morning. (Both laugh) We will be there.

J: Sounds slightly threatening.

C: Yeah, sorry.

J: We end the show though with the Twitter Quote of the Day. Some lovely person out there has set up a Tumblr compiling all of the Twitter Quotes of the Days and it's

C: They're making a poster for every single quote which is...

J: Yeah, it's really cool. So thank you to whoever sent that.

C: Sorry that you've started that now. You're gonna have to do that for a long, long time.

J: Forever!

C: Please, you've committed now. We're gonna keep tabs. And the quote we have for today is from Sarah Rose: "When life gives you lemons, you throw them at the person closest to you and run away". Good tips for cowards.

J: Just throw something and run away.

C: Yeah. Pretty dangerous actually.

J: That works.

C: Please don't do that. All right, see you tomorrow.

J: See you tomorrow.