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From a blacksmith's son, to one of the most repeated names in physics textbooks, Michael Faraday epitomized the spirit of scientific exploration

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Way before his mutant counterpart, grand-masters of the study of electromagnetism and maybe one of the greatest experimental scientists ever. in a little village in England called, Newington Butts.

His father was a blacksmith, and when Michael was old enough to become an apprentice, he started to learn the bookbinding trade. That was possibly one of the best things that could have happened, at least for the rest of humanity, because it gave him access to a lot of books.

He was fascinated by the sciences, and he started attending lectures by some of the best scientists of the day. scientists of the day and he started attending lectures by some of the best scientists of the day. 300-page collection of his notes on Davey's lectures so he hired Faraday as the secretary, A society where scientists could do research and share their ideas. That was extremely unusual for the time.  The sons of blacksmiths don't usually get to rub shoulders with science-y types at the royal society.    
But it kick-started Faraday's career as an experimenter, with access to equipment and resources, one of the four fundamental forces of nature. what are known as Faraday's laws of electrolysis, which use math to connect the current flowing through a circuit, discovered an isolated lots of different chemical compounds, major component of Gasoline But even though he was an accomplished chemist, If you've ever taken a physics class, And there's a reason why practically every physics class learns about it, you need to know Faraday's law. where you can generate a current in a loop of wire by changing the magnetic field around the loop. by experimenting with a magnet and a loop of wire. electricity and magnetism are connected, that's used in circuits and the power grid.  So his ideas are basically the foundation of the technology that we use today.  No big deal. Keep in mind that Faraday did all of this just by trying stuff out in his lab often with rudimentary experimental tools that he built himself.

There's plenty of other stuff named after Faraday too, because well, he did a lot of things. There's the Faraday disk: a simple type of electric generator where you generate electricity by rotating a metal disc through a magnetic field. You might have also heard of the Faraday cage, which is basically a shield against outside electromagnetic fields.

Through his experiments including one where he lined an entire room with metal foil, Faraday realized that if you have a conductive shell, it'll distribute electric charges in a way that keeps the electromagnetic fields outside the shell from affecting the inside of the shell. These days we use Faraday Cages to shield all kinds of sensitive electronics from outside interference. We also use the Farad: a unit of measurement that tracks capacitance, or how much electric charge can be stored in a system. Faraday continued experimenting into the 1840s, until his health started deteriorating. He eventually died in 1867, at the age of 75. In a lot of ways his life and legacy embodied the spirit of scientific exploration: a keen mind willing to risk trying new things to see what we can learn about the universe. Thanks for watching this episode of SciShow, brought to you by our patrons on Patreon. If you want to help support this show just go to and don't forget to go to and subscribe